Education and Science
Mythical Gods And Creatures
Updated on October 26, 2011 hassam moreContact Author Greek mythology living beings come under two categories, that is, they are either gods and heroes, or creatures. Gods have most characteristics of humans, but along with this they also have supernatural powers and are worshipped by the humans. The heroes are like other human beings but have either done something which makes them excel over others or have a gift that others do not possess.
On the other hand the mythological creatures are mainly like animals and monsters. Many have characteristics like an animal or a monster along with a few human features. Few of them possess supernatural powers too.In myths we come across many names of gods and goddesses and strange creatures. All of them have many stories related to them. Different gods represent different aspects of life and the Earth is under their control.Some of the gods and creatures are given below.
Apollo was an important god in Greek and Roman mythology. In Greek myths he was the son of Zeus – the king of all gods. Apollo was the god of light, purity, and the sun. The Greeks and Romans sometimes called him hoebus’ meaning bright. Apollo played the lyre and wrote poetry, he also became a patron of musicians and poets. He was considered as the ideal of manly beauty.
The Greek god of wars, he was the son of Zeus and Hera (the king and queen of the gods). Ares represented the most brutal and violent aspects of war. The Greeks, who placed little value on these qualities, did not respect Ares highly. Myths describe him as a strong fierce fighter who took pleasure in bloody conflicts, but was not clever enough to win always.
She was the goddess of warfare and wisdom in Greek mythology. According to a myth, at birth she sprang full grown and dressed in armour, from the forehead of Zeus. Athena represented the intellectual aspects of war. The Greeks also worshipped her as the patroness of arts and crafts. Athena was particularly skilled at spinning and weaving. A mortal woman, Arachne, once challenged Athena to a weaving contest. Myths disagree as to who won. According to one myth after the contest Athena turned Arachne into a spider so that she would have to spend her life spinning.
Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty and love in Greek mythology. The Roman goddess, Venus, closely represented her. The Greeks believed that she had a dual nature. As phrodite Pandemos’ (Aphrodite of all the people), she was the patroness of physical love. As phrodite Urania’ (Aphrodite of the skies) she inspired spiritual and intellectual love.
He was the youngest child of Gaea (the earth) and Uranus (the sky). Uranus feared that his children might overthrow him so he confined them within Gaea’s (the earth’s) huge body. With Gaea’s help Cronus overthrew Uranus and became king of the Titans (a race of gods). Cronus had the same fear as his father, so he swallowed his first five children. Rhea, his wife, hid the last child, Zeus, on the island of Crete. Then she tricked Cronus by giving him a stone wrapped in baby clothes. After attaining manhood, Zeus helped his brothers and sisters (who had grown up as well) to escape. Together they deposed Cronus, and Zeus became the king of the gods.
Hades (or Pluto)
He was the god of the dead, or the underworld, as the Greeks believed his kingdom to be underground. His kingdom was that of the dead, and was named after him. Hades was neutral region reserved for the souls of the people who deserved neither punishment nor reward upon death. The Greeks believed that this place was dreary and dull, but not necessarily painful.
Besides being the Greek god of the sea, he was also the god of horses, earthquakes, and storms at sea. His wife, Amphitrite, was the sea goddess. Poseidon’s off springs included Antaeus (a giant), Arion (a horse), Polyphemus (a Cyclops), and Triton (a merman). A really interesting family!
Uranus was the earliest god of the sky. Uranus and Gaea were the parents of the Titans, the first race of mythological beings.
He feared his children and imprisoned them within their mother, the earth. With her help, his youngest son, Cronus attacked him. This separated him from Gaea.
The Greeks and Romans use this myth to explain the separation of the sky from the earth. Uranus’ functions as god of the sky were eventually taken over by his grandson, Zeus.
He was the king of the gods and the supreme ruler of people. He originally was a god of the sky.
In time, the Greeks regarded him as the only god who concerned him-self with the whole universe. They also associated Zeus with justice and believed that he punished the wicked and rewarded the good. He belonged to the race of Titans, and was the son of Cronus and Rhea. After overthrowing Cronus, Zeus took his father’s place and ruled from Mount Olympus. He headed a family of twelve major gods, called the Olympians.
The Centaur was a creature in Greek mythology that was half human and half horse. Centaurs were believed to live in northern Greece. Most of them were wild and lawless.
This was a fire-breathing monster. It had the head of a lion and the tail of a dragon. Its body was shaggy like that of a goat. For many years it laid waste the lands of Lycia and Caria. It was killed by Bellerophon, who flew over Chimera on the Pegasus.
They were a race of giant-shepherds in mythology. They lived in Sicily, and each of them had just one eye in the middle of their foreheads. They made weapons and armour for the gods. Apollo destroyed them because they made the fire bolt that killed his son, Asclepius.
In Greek mythology, a gigantic nine headed monster that dwelled in a marsh near Lerna, Greece. This monster had a fatally poisonous breath. Greek legendary hero Hercules destroyed Hydra as part of the 12 Labours.
In Greek mythology, one of the three monstrous daughters of the sea god Phorcys and his wife Ceto. The Gorgons were terrifying, dragon like creatures, covered with golden-scales with snakes for hair.
Giants belonged to a race of beings that looked like humans but were much more larger.
Giants in Greek legend represented the elements of nature such as earth, air, water. They were said to have been born from the blood of Uranus (heaven) which fell into Gaea’s (Earth) lap. They were called the Titans.
The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that their ancestors had been big people with great power and strength; but as time passed the people had grown smaller.
This was a strange creature with the head and wings of an eagle but the body of a lion. They guarded a great amount of gold from the Arimaspians, who were one eyed monsters and were always trying to steal the gold.
She was one of the there gorgons – the daughters of the sea god, Phorcus. She was the only mortal Gorgon. She had been beautiful at first. Medusa had boasted of her beauty to Athena who became jealous and turned her into an ugly monster-like person. Medusa and her sisters had staring eyes, fangs and snakes for hair. Anyone who saw them would turn to stone.
Perseus killed Medusa by looking in his shining shield. The winged horse Pegasus rose from her beheaded body and poisonous snakes arose from the blood from her head. Medusa’s blood was given to Asclepius, the god of healing. The blood from medusa’s right side had the power to revive the dead, while that from her left side was a fatal poison.
The Minotaur was a monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man. King Minos of Crete kept it in the maze-like building, Labyrinth, from which no one could escape. Minos sacrificed seven Athenian youths and maidens to it every year. Theseus of Athens finally killed the Minotaur, and escaped from the Labyrinth.
This was a winged-horse that rose out of Medusa’s body when Perseus killed her. The horse flew to join the gods, but was captured and tamed by Athena. Bellerophon rode Pegasus when he fought the Chimera and the Amazons, but because of Bellerophon’s pride Pegasus threw him off and flew away. Zeus then transformed him into a constellation.
The phoenix was a mythical bird. Only one such bird existed at a time. At the end of each life cycle, the phoenix burned itself on a funeral pyre, and another one rose from its ashes, with renewed youth and beauty. The new bird carried the ashes of its father (as the phoenix was always male), to the altar of the sun god in an Egyptian city, Heliopolis – meaning the city of the sun. This bird of brilliant gold and reddish-purple feathers lived up to exactly 500 years according to some writers, and up to 97,200 years by others. Its long life and rebirth makes it a symbol of immortality and spiritual rebirth.
It is said to have looked like a horse other than the horn on its forehead. Its name also means “one horn”. The horn was white at the base, black in the middle and red at the tip. The unicorn had a white body, a red head and blue eyes. The unicorn’s hind legs looked like an antelope’s, and its tail was like that of a lion.
Supernatural creatures, which grew out from mythical stories, specially those from Greece and Egypt, are often believed to be real. Greek and Egyptian mythologies are full of such stories, interest in which remains, till today.
Some Legendary Mythical Beasts
A legendary creature is a mythical or fantastic creature in historical literature. Some have their origin in traditional myths and have at one time been believed to be real beings.The Phoenix, Pegasus, Unicorn are some of these.
Dragons have been a part of mythology and legend for thousands of years. Almost every country in the world has some sort of dragon story. Stories of dragons have been handed down for generations in many civilisations.
Mysterious Myths About Mermaids
The mermaid has always been a creature of mystery, fantasy and unlimited beauty. Its elegance and splendour has been known to enchant people since a very long time. Even now it is one of the favourite cartoon characters of most children.
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sendingalfi 6 months ago
what was a god or creature that represents healing internationally!!!!
daniel 5 years ago
great information !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! it gives my sons homework
Annie 5 years ago
I love this website try not to laugh at me but I love mythical creatures and gods even though I’m a teenager
123456789 5 years ago
hi i am looking for a mithical god that is good but i am wondering where to find the information
ernest 5 years ago
iam looking for pictures of a violet unicorn with blue eyes can any body help me i had a dream of this last night and want to find out more about her
Charlie 5 years ago
That’s not the unicorn iknow
JUST A MAN 5 years ago
wingedrose 5 years ago
lily 5 years ago
hi you guys 🙂 i really liked this hub.. it vely intresting 🙂 THANK YOU GUYS!!!!!!!!!!!!!
joy eveisolyn sur 5 years ago
so nice hah….:}i appreciate dat…
Authorhassam 5 years ago from Pakistan
Oracles were though to foretell the future, there are many oracles in different mythologies. For example Pythia and Dione in Greek Mythology.
Hanna 5 years ago
what mythical creature determined everyone’s lives ahead of time?
cooliman 5 years ago
it was great but you could use some other gods and since im writing an essay about mythical dods you should probably add gods from ancient eygpt and india. overall -great!
bob 5 years ago
ok i guess
Ronnoc Yeldah 5 years ago
Ben Dover 5 years ago
coooolllll, very helpful thanks to this I pass all my college courses
Artengo Rasyosa 5 years ago
here in this web , we have just the name of Gods and their reputaions. but there are more important elements about their background of each god, also every god has his own story; for example , zeus, how he bacame a god of all gods? and how he panished promethous as well as humanity? and other stories. but you gives us the defination of god and duties. but you never ask yourself what we want. actually we are not interesting in what you want. so make your brain work and publish what we want.
aphrodite 5 years ago
thanks so much 4 helping me out with my hwk hope this webpage is right!!!!
Saif 5 years ago
violet 6 years ago
greek God 6 years ago
ty guys u help me with my project:D
greekreader :^D 6 years ago
nicely work I rather read more acient, myths, god, goddess, and ect…
isaac 6 years ago
help with my home work
GreekHeroTheseus 6 years ago
indeed – perseus was a hero – unable to attain god-like status as he was only a demi-god. this meant he was half God (Zeus) and half human(his mother was mortal)
All demi-gods (half gods half mortals) were called heroes, as they often went on to do fantastic deeds no mortal could do; such as the hero heracles (Hercules) or Theseus etc.
Mazza 6 years ago
Perseus wasn’t a god, but he was the son of one. Zeus I think.
John 6 years ago
you really helped me out dude thanks a lot for so match information
lexa 6 years ago
is perseus a God?! I need help!!
kenei kevin 6 years ago
cool i love it but im confused with Hercules.
Thank u. Love KTR
Ella 6 years ago
Brilliant article. Informative and fun to read!
GreekNerd 6 years ago
Good site overral, but some information was incorrect.
Also, include atleast the 12 main gods, and all the creatures.
MYTH GURU 6 years ago
Awesome information and great pictures. Good layout and nice selection of information, Cheers mate !!
f 6 years ago
mika 6 years ago
thanks i really like reading
guyaneese girl 6 years ago
i have seen the movie clash of the titans and it is nothing compared to ur hub.i am quite troubled that in the movie they change things around to fit the script.the true essence of the “myth” is not being convey.anywho….. love what u got going on here.
von 6 years ago
nice info 🙂
Ellie brown 6 years ago
Nice collection this site is helpful
Brandon 6 years ago
AWESOME PICS REALLY HELPED FOR SOCIAL STUDIES!!!!!!!!!!!!
tulasi 6 years ago
please give more information on mythicalcreatures
alexis 6 years ago
u need to put more goddesses
joyce 6 years ago
my,my, its nice but more plzzzz…..
nath 6 years ago
FO SHIZZLE 6 years ago
GOOD BUT THERE IS WAY MORE CREATURES ESPESPELLY GODS
godman 6 years ago
wow i really liked this site its pretty choice it helped me with my homework! 🙂
budd6 6 years ago
where is triton other wise than that you’re ok
hera 7 years ago
I love this! i am writing an essay about gods and this was a big help.
athena 7 years ago
I am writing a story with some greek gods in it and i searched it and got this website. i have read some books on it and you gave me the most help. i will recommend this website to all my friends
alicia 7 years ago
i am working on a project and i love this web site i need help about apohdite have any suggestens
may 7 years ago
where’s the part about hercules?
priscilla 7 years ago
I have to do a project on mythological gods,goddess,or cretures do you have any suggestons or opinons on what to do it on? thanks.
P.S. i need 5 quotes on where i got this information or from a book. thanks alot,
gideon bayaua 7 years ago
very educational!im a fan of these creatures
pepper 7 years ago
its great and it really helped me with my home work
BobbiRant 7 years ago from New York
I like this hub I’ve always been fascinated with mythology.
William Thomas 7 years ago from That Great Primordial Smash UP of This and That Which Gave Rise To All Beings and All Things!
Good Day hassam
I voted this up for useful. This is a well laid out, effcient, and comprehensive basic primer of Greek mythology. I was particularly interested to learn of the more nuanced, subtle nature of the goddess Aphrodite — that she was also understood to be the goddess of intellectual and spiritual love as well as physical and romantic love. This addition paints her in a different light.
I was also interested to learn about the giants (Titans). The belief that the ancient Greeks and Romans held (that their ancestors were giants with superhuman strength; and generation after generation after generation they became smaller and smaller until they had the human mortal form they had) is an interesting parallel to and anticipation of the general way in which evolution is said to have functioned with respect to ourselves.
The creatures who would become us passed through various ‘stages’ (this is not the right word but..), getting smaller as intelligence increased, and tools were developed making it so that less muscle power was required to make a livelihood. There is a nice parallel between that and the understanding of the ancient Greeks and Romans of themselves with respect to the Titans.
vj 7 years ago
yeah i mean need more info plz i’m reading this stuff for the hell of it so plz pretty plz give me a fascinated fan of mythology more cuz i read all of lighting thief books and the fire thief books i’m adicted by this stuff….i am really REALLY weired….awesome! sooo it was awesome so yeah
jd28 7 years ago
Good but needed more mythical creatures
daniel 7 years ago
audrey 7 years ago
i think it was all right coming from me a big Greece fan.
Jmichael 7 years ago
Venus is like Aphrodite
(Goddes of Love and Beauty)
s 7 years ago
mythbuster 7 years ago from Utopia, Oz, You Decide
Great hub – love this stuff. I like the cyclops picture you placed on the hub. I’ll be visiting your hubs more often!
Percy Jackson Fan 7 years ago
Poseidon is my favorite mythical god.
:)Liam Neeson 2
Troy 7 years ago
yo you did a good job but need some nors gods like oden but over all nice job
apo 7 years ago
would you post all kind of gods and goddess
joe 7 years ago
to the quy that asked where venus is, venus is aphrodite, and you guys need more gods. there were over a hundred gods/demigods in greek mythology alone. and many more mythical creatures. you missed soooo may.
diego 7 years ago
seriously include everyone that are myhts!!!!!!!!!!!
where are the rest of the gods??????????
next time put everyone that are myths in the next webpage you make
if your going to!!!!!!!!!!
sacagawea 7 years ago
this was cool but the picture of the lady that did con have a body and had snakes in her head scared me the 15 year old and my 4 children plese make it mor approperate
jayjay40 7 years ago from Bristol England
Very interesting hub, I learnt a lot, thanks
rajeshiit2k5 7 years ago from kharagpur
hey nice collection[:)]
Mikey 7 years ago
Very interesting but its true that there are many more mythical gods yet to be explored.
Tyler 7 years ago
The gods are so cool and I麓m glad you have done this website and I hope you write more+
Samantha 7 years ago
MEDUSA GOD+MYTHICAL CREATURE GET IT IN UR HEAD PPLS
westpointfb20 7 years ago from California
Amazing and very informative hub, I am hoping you write more on this subject since I have always found it to be very interesting, thanks
Tony Ballatore 7 years ago
Good job. I enjoyed it very much.
These gods and creatures were placed on Greek and Roman coins that are abundantly available and inexpensive for those of us that love having an actual connection to the past, and love to consider the relationship between our present day myths and those they evolved from.
5896am 7 years ago
more pleeeeese! i enjoyed it but there are lots more interesting creatures/gods!
thanx & loved the pictures!
mtsi1098 7 years ago
Very good summary of Gods and creatures…I enjoyed the reading
jennylyn 8 years ago
show other images
megan ogilvie 8 years ago
i really enjoyed this site it gave me more inspiration and information towards the creature i was studying.
marked~ 8 years ago
darneisha jenkins 8 years ago
i rally like these pictures they are very nice 2 me and my mother and my 2 kids we look at every time we get on the computer and look at these pictures bye love you
Apple8888 8 years ago
thank you!! you help me in my Assignment…!!xDD
chandler 8 years ago
where is the african mermaid????
Mariah 8 years ago
You need to put some information on the phoenix parents. (:
Winston 8 years ago
All gods should be included here because they are all myths.
freefallin’ 9 years ago
You need more gods and creatures, including the great craken
akira 9 years ago
wers venus??? i didn’t see her yetwe have a charcter interpretation ..but i did not see her(damn it)